Composting is considered to be one of the primary method for treating the wastes like organic wastes. Several technologies are being applied for the treatment of wastes. Among them, the biological treatments have been widely used as one of the most efficient and ecofriendly for the conversion of organic waste to valuable products. Various species of worms usually red wiggler’s, white worms and other earthworms are uses in this process. It is a non thermophilic process that involves microbes and earthworms. Vermicomposting also involve for the safe handling of hospital wastes otherwise it has serious harmful effects on the environment and human life. Vermicomposting also has a broad range of applications for domestic agriculture and industrial waste management. Some other applications are improvement of crop production, protection of crop production and waste water treatment.

Keywords: Biofertilizer, compost, Earthworms, Thermophiles, Landfill.

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