Middle East Journal of Applied Science & Technology

Volume 6 Issue 4 October-December 2023

Review Article

A Brief Review on Voice Assisted Hands-free Virtual Painting System

A.R. Jayasri, Dr. P. Kanimozhi & Dr. T. Ananth kumar

Page No. 01-06

 Abstract: This study employs various Human-Computer Interaction methods to introduce an innovative system that empowers individuals with diverse abilities to use computers in novel ways. It combines gesture-based virtual mouse control and painting, along with eye and voice integration. Advanced eye-tracking technology to accurately detect and interpret ocular movements is incorporated. These movements are then mapped to specific on-screen actions, facilitated by the computer webcam. Simultaneously, hand gesture-based mouse control is also available, where it captures and analyzes intricate hand motions, translating them into precise on-screen commands. The hand tracking painting feature revolutionizes by providing users with a virtual canvas. Through hand movements, users can write and draw with ease with various tools, expanding the potential for interactive creativity. Easy switching between the traditional mouse, virtual mouse, and gesture-based painting modes are controlled by a voice assistant. This integration provides a comprehensive and adaptable digital environment, enhancing user convenience and mobility. This method seamlessly integrates of cutting-edge technologies, culminating in the creation of an inclusive and exceptionally intuitive user experience.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6401

Research Article

Association Between Levels of Stress with Academic Performance of Nursing Students at Institute of Nursing, Wah Cantt.

Sana Majeed, Firdous Begam, Savaira Saleem, Hamra Tabassum, Arsalan Asif, Maryam Sikandar, Azra Mahmood, Sawaira Bibi & Kaneez Bibi

Page No. 07-20

 Abstract: Stress can be defined as any type of change that causes physical, emotional or psychological strain. Stress is your body's response to anything that requires attention or action. Everyone experiences stress to some degree. The way you respond to stress, however, makes a big difference to your overall well-being. Academic performance/ achievement is the extent to which a student, teacher, or institution has attained their short or long-term educational goals and is measured either by continuous assessment or cumulative grade point average (CGPA). The study aim will be to assess the relationship between stress and academic performance of nursing students and also determine the major stressors of students. Descriptive correlational study design will be used. 53 nursing students will be selected through non-probability convenient sampling. Questionnaire will be distributed to Nursing students, perceived stress scale will be used to collect the data. This study will identify the stress level and academic performance of nursing students studying in Institute of Nursing, Wah Cantt.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6402

Review Article

Phytosome as a Novel Carrier for Delivery of Phytochemicals: A Comprehensive Review

Humna Mehmood

Page No. 21-51

 Abstract: Phytomedicine is known for its excellent therapeutic applications owing to phytoconstituents present in plants, with no or least side effects. But its low bioavailability due large molecular size, poor lipid solubility and lack of stability of bioactive compounds make hindrance in its efficacy. Different strategies have been developed to generate the effective carrier systems to enhance bioavailability of phytochemicals. One of the latest and most popular lipid-based carriers for delivering plants based pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals is the phytosome. Phytosome is an emerging lipid based drug delivery approach which involves encapsulation of bioactive ingredient into phospholipid molecule mainly phosphatidylcholine. Phytosomes as phyto-phospholipid complexes lead to target drug delivery, better bioavailability and stability, enhanced pharmacological efficacy as well as the protection of bioactive compounds from chemical and physical degradation. Due to easy preparation of the bilayer vesicles and their effectiveness, phytosomes have been extensively employed and approved by the scientific literature. In this review, a phytosome technology, its structural components, formulation techniques, optimization, characterization approaches as well as merits and demerits are comprehensively discussed. Moreover, phytosome based market products and recent research is presented. It is concluded that phytosome technology is a gift for herbal extracts and phytochemicals that are inadequately bioavailable and have well-established processing methodologies as well as verified analytical techniques.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6403

Review Article

A Brief Study Report on the Applications of Chaos Theory in Real Life

Dr. Babu Lal

Page No. 52-58

 Abstract: The mathematical field of chaos theory has become a valuable resource for understanding complex systems that exhibit sensitive dependence on initial conditions. The creation of chaos theory, which has applications in a wide range of scientific domains, involved many scientists and mathematicians. It was originally created in the physical sciences to describe the behavior of dynamic systems. Applications of the chaos theory can be found in many different domains including economics, biology, social sciences and meteorology. This study investigates the basic ideas of chaos theory and its application in real life scenarios. It highlights the impact of chaos theory on various domains, emphasizing its relevance in predicting, understanding, and controlling complex systems and also presents an overview of chaos theory. In this study, we will go over chaotic systems, real-world uses for chaos theory, and chaos theory's drawbacks. We ultimately determine the chaos theory study report's conclusion.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6404

Research Article

Social Economic Determinants of Adoption of Fish Farming in Gem Sub-County, Siaya County, Kenya

Amos Onyango Ouma, Dr. Thomas N. Kibutu & Dr. Francis O. Onsongo

Page No. 59-82

 Abstract: The demand for fish in Kenya has been steadily increasing, prompting the exploration of alternative methods such as fish farming to address this rising demand. However, the adoption of fish farming in Gem Sub-county, Siaya County, Kenya, has faced several challenges, resulting in a low success rate of only 13.9% in fish farming projects, leading to insufficient fish supply. This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing the adoption of fish farming in Gem Sub-county. The research was guided by four objectives; determining whether training influence farmers’ adoption of fish farming, determining the availability of fish farming resources on the adoption of fish farming, investigating the availability of fish markets on the adoption of fish farming and assessing fish farmers' attitude on the adoption of fish farming in Gem Sub-county, Siaya County, Kenya. The study employed the theory of innovation diffusion and a descriptive survey research design to investigate the adoption of fish farming in a specific area. The target population included 140 fish farmers, 9 area Chiefs, and 9 Officials from the Fishery Department, totaling 158 individuals. To form a representative sample, 3 out of 9 locations (30%) were selected, resulting in 42 respondents (30% of 140 fish farmers). Purposive sampling was used to select these locations, with the Area Chiefs and Fishery Department Officials coming from these sampled areas due to their expertise on fish farming projects. Data collection methods varied: questionnaires were used for fish farmers, while interviews were conducted with officials from the Fishery Department and Area Chiefs. To validate research instruments, a pilot study involving 4 fish farmers from a specific location was conducted to ensure reliability and validity. The data analysis process began with identifying common themes, assigning codes and labels to relevant data, and then calculating frequencies to provide descriptive information about the respondents. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics like frequencies and percentages, as well as inferential analysis employing Pearson's Product Moment Correlation Analysis, with the aid of Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS 23). The findings were presented using tables and charts. Qualitative data was analyzed qualitatively, aligned with the specific research objectives, and presented in narrative forms. The study established that there was a positive association between the frequency of farmers' training and the number of farmers who adopted fish farming (r = 0.991 and a significant level (p-value) of 0.000. In addition, correlation between the frequency with which the government markets fish and fish products and the number of farmers who have undertaken fish farming was positive (r = 0.976 and a significant level (p-value) of 0.000). Lastly, the association between fish farmers' interest in fish farming and the number of farmers who adopted fish farming was positive (r = 0.948 and a significant level (p-value) of 0.014. The study concluded that fish farmers in the studied area lacked meaningful training, negatively impacting their ability to adopt fish farming due to a lack of necessary skills and knowledge. Additionally, the unavailability of essential resources hindered effective fish farming implementation, while the limited access to fish markets, marked by intense competition, both locally and internationally, further discouraged fish farming adoption. In response to these findings, the study recommended that the Fishery Furthermore, it advised that the government, particularly through the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, allocate more funds to support fish farming and explore new markets for local fish farmers, as incentives for the wider adoption of fish farming practices.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6405

Research Article

Left Bundle Branch Block in Patients with Novel Coronavirus Infection, Do You Think it is a Cause of Death?

Ayman S. Abd-Elsalam, Ahmed H.M. Lameen Almnifi, Fouad Ibrahim, Ahmed G. Elsayed & Laila M. Elgendy

Page No. 83-87

 Abstract: Introduction: A global pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease was developed in 2019, primarily affecting respiratory tract and causing asymptomatic subclinical infections up to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome that need hospital admittance to coronary care units (CCUs) and intensive care unit (ICU) where nursing care is required. Acute myocardial injury and arrhythmia may also occur, potentially contributing to inclusive illness and death in COVID-19 patients. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is tropical illness that may happen in COVID-19 patients. Aim of the work: To investigate the effect of LBBB on quick-term death probability in patients with COVID-19. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study on the incidence of LBBB in patients with COVID-19 in Tobruk city. Study included both male and female samples, including all patients with LBBB (aged 37-82 years) those managed in CCU and ICU. Patients' records were collected from Tobruk Medical Center inpatients – 42 total cases from January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2021. All necessary basic information and data were obtained from medical records. Excel was used for data assortment and expressive study. Results: Our scientific work included 42 patients. Of these, 31 (74%) were male and 11 (26%) were female. Male gender is predominant on female gender as ratio 2.8:1. Patients' ages included at this work oscillated between 37 and 82 years (mean age; 59.5 years). The highest age group observed to have great pervasiveness of LBBB in COVID-19 patients was 50-59 years (38.1%). Conclusion: Left bundle branch block is taken into consideration to be the primary symptom in sufferers with COVID-19 infection. In addition, studies are wanted to explain the real mechanism and suitable treatment.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6406

Review Article

Laboratory Automation and its Effects on Workflow Efficiency in Medical Laboratories

Shahid ul Islam, Kanika Kamboj & Ankita Kumari

Page No. 88-97

 Abstract: This review aims to probe the impact of laboratory Automation on workflow effectiveness in medical laboratories. It explores the colorful aspects of laboratory Automation, including its benefits, challenges, and implicit Limitations. The study also delves into the different types of Automation Technologies generally used in medical laboratories, similar as robotics, Sample handling systems, and laboratory information operation systems. The exploration methodology includes a comprehensive literature review and Interviews with laboratory professionals to gather perceptivity and data on the Content. The findings suggest that laboratory Automation significantly improves Workflow effectiveness, leading to faster reversal times, reduced crimes, increased productivity, and bettered patient care. Still, certain challenges and considerations need to be addressed when enforcing Automation systems in medical laboratories. Overall, this exploration paper provides a comprehensive analysis of laboratory Automation and its effect on Workflow effectiveness in medical laboratories.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6407

Review Article

Exploring the Utilization and Application of Mass Spectrophotometry across Various Fields within Clinical Laboratory Science

Ankita Kumari, Kanika Kamboj & Shahid ul Islam

Page No. 98-106

 Abstract: This review paper provides a thorough examination of the use of Mass Spectrophotometry in clinical laboratory science. Mass spectroscopy is a strong analytical tool that has transformed clinical diagnostics and research. This paper looks at how mass spectrometers are used in clinical laboratory science, drug testing and monitoring, newborn screening, toxicology clinical diagnostics, biomarker identification, and proteomics research. The report also examines the benefits and drawbacks of using a mass spectrophotometer in clinical laboratory settings. The findings demonstrate the importance of mass spectrophotometers in enhancing patient care, disease detection, and scientific understanding in the clinical laboratory sector.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6408

Research Article

Tourism and Development Issues of Highways (DCT) in Vietnam

Pham Anh Dung, PhD, Le Ngoc Nuong, PhD, Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy, MBA, Tran Duc Thang, PhD, Bui Duc Sinh, Pham Hung Nhan, Master & Dinh Tran Ngoc Hien, BSc

Page No. 107-113

 Abstract: Domestic and foreign research projects have introduced investment in development and exploitation of highways, and the socio-economic benefits of highways (DCT); Developing and exploiting DCT has a great impact on the economic, social, defense, security, and sustainable development benefits of regions and regions in each country, including Vietnam. However, there are very few complete and systematic studies on the socio-economic benefits of exploiting DCT. Therefore this paper will not only analyze but it also presents benefits for tourism activities in the country from using and exploiting highways.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6409

Review Article

Physiology of Pregnancy, Hormonal Changes and Impact of Maternal Nutrition on Fetus

Qurat ul Ain Shabir & Amir Rasool Bhat

Page No. 114-118

 Abstract: This research paper delves into the intricate physiology process of pregnancy focusing on hormonal changes and profound impact of maternal nutrition on fetal development. It multifaceted in the world of pregnancy physiology offering a comprehensive examination of the intricate mechanisms that orchestrate the miraculous journey from conception to childbirth. To study physiology of pregnancy aims to deepen our understanding of complex physiological processes occurring during pregnancy. (i) To understand hormonal dynamics: Including the role of human chorionic gonadotropin, estrogen and progesterone to comprehend their impact on maintaining pregnancy. (ii) Explore cardiovascular adaptations: Examine cardiovascular changes that occur to meet fetal development demands during pregnancy, which includes increase in blood volume and increase cardiac output. (iii) Study placental function: Understanding the development of placenta examining the role of gas exchange, providing nutrition and excretion of waste products. (iv) Address complications and risks: Identifying the factors that contribute to risks and complications of pregnancy such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and intrauterine growth restriction, aiming to implement strategy for prevention, early detection and management.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.46431/MEJAST.2023.6410