Middle East Journal of Applied Science & Technology

Volume 3 Issue 2 April - June 2020

Review Article

Covid-19: Intensive Care Acquired Weakness, A Possible Challenge in Patient Recovery?

Oyeneyin Babatunde David, Opeyemi Oluwasanmi Adeloye, Olukoju Idowu & OyeneyinTosin

 Abstract: The coronavirus disease outbreak has proven to be a major health crisis affecting virtually every facets of our lives. Coronavirus disease is an ongoing pandemic disease. The disease which is caused by a new type of virus, known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Many patients hospitalized with COVID-19 will develop muscle weakness particularly those admitted in intensive care unit (ICU). Studies have shown that muscle weakness is one of the direct consequences of critical illness. We systematically reviewed literature that quantified changes in muscle strength and it relationship with COVID- 19 in Intensive care unit in humans.

Review Article

Geotechnical Sustainability in the United Arab Emirates–Sustainability Rating Tools

Ryan Sochanik

 Abstract: Sustainability and the concept of sustainable development now form part of governmental policy around the world. The United Arab Emirates is no different, recognising that its ecological footprint and continued growth require management of resources and waste streams. A fundamental part of this is sustainable construction and operation of civil engineering projects such as buildings, roads and airports. Geotechnical engineering is required on practically all civil engineering projects yet is often overlooked when design and construction decisions are being made regarding civil engineering sustainability. One of the most common ways to measure sustainability in civil engineering projects is through rating tools. Rating tools have grown and developed internationally for decades and are used across the world for various different projects (buildings, roads, infrastructure etc.). The United Arab Emirates have developed their own local ratings tools (and sustainability frameworks) and have mandated their use in certain projects. There is significant scope for geotechnical engineering to contribute to improving sustainability and rating tools are one element that can be developed. A detailed review of local and international ratings tools is carried out to understand where geotechnical engineering can currently contribute and the possibilities to improve geotechnical sustainability in the United Arab Emirates are discussed.

Research Article

Coronavirus: From the Banker’s Perspective

Noreena Bukht, Muhammad Kashan Javed & Dr.Sumbal Javaid

 Abstract: The purpose of this study is to know the banker’s perspective about coronavirus. In this study, we took sample from all govt. & private banks employees of Pakistan e.g. SBP, NBP, BOP, ABL, UBL, MCB, Meezan Bank, Bank Alfalah etc. Data collected from the employees of all these banks through a questionnaire & by taking some face to face interviews. Questionnaire sent to them by using WhatsApp & Facebook messengers. Different charts & percentage analysis were used to get results of this study. It was concluded that protective measures and safety equipment provided to most of the banks while no online seminar conducted about COVID-19 for bankers and relaxation provided only to females while most of the males are on duty as it seems that this virus affects only females. Bankers said that the counter dealing should be stopped while giving their suggestion about COVID-19.

Research Article

Effect of Covid-19 on General Public Income

Noreena Bakst, Muhammad Kashan Javed & Dr. Sumbal Javaid

 Abstract: We conduct this study to check the effect of COVID-19 on income of general public. We used questionnaire & face to face interviews to get results for this study & then applied different charts & percentage analysis to finalize this research. Sample size for this study was 620 but only 250 people respond it. Data was collected by sending questionnaires through WhatsApp & Facebook messenger & by taking face to face interviews from poor people and aged people because they don’t use social media mostly. Our respond rate was 40%. Study concluded that mostly owners are giving salaries to their employees and their income also fulfill their expenses, but this is opposite in case of poor people & daily wagers. Their daily expenses also effected due to this lockdown. Private workers are most effected persons in the lockdown.

Research Article

Does Emotional Intelligence Matters? The study of Emotional intelligence and its implications on Job Satisfaction, Job Performance and Work Engagement of Employees in Pakistan

Shah Rukh Nadeem

 Abstract: Emotional intelligence has been a buzzword of the 21st century. Whereas the previous 100 years revolved around IQ and its implications the modern digital economy lays more stress on the vitality of emotional intelligence and how it can be a pivotal factor in the growth and success of an individual. This study meticulously examines the impact of emotional intelligence of employees on their job satisfaction, job performance and work engagement. The study was conducted on a carefully selected sample size of 150 employees currently part of the telecommunication ecosystem of Pakistan. The results of the study show a very strong correlation between the emotional intelligence of individuals vis a vis the variables that are associated with employment i.e. job satisfaction, job performance and engagement at work. The literature explains in depth about the internal emotional state of employees and how it has a direct impact on their job attitude. This research is important from the fact that it will help employers in the telecommunication industry to understand the factors which lead to positive and enhanced emotional intelligence since it will have a direct impact on overall organizational performance.

Research Article

A Research on Genetic Engineering in Different Fields


 Abstract: Genetic engineering is the best technology that is promoting the world and this technology is applied to many plants, animals and microorganisms. It has wider applications in the field of Biology, Medicine, Industry, Research, Agriculture and many other fields of science. In this research paper I update the Roles of Genetic Engineering in Agriculture, Animals, Human enhancement and Evolution, Bacteriophage Against Infectious Diseases, Medicines, Phage in Infectious Diseases, Biofuels Production and Improve Plant Performance Under Drought.

Research Article

CURCUMET CAPSULES: A Natural Immunomodulator Helps to Prevent Covid-19 Infection

Govind Shukla, Uddhav L.Kanade, Monica Yadav, M.Sabitha & C.J.Sampath Kumar

 Abstract: The whole world is suffering from the corona virus, a global pandemic, which has captured world attention to the immune system. As the world scrambles to find a cure for Covid-19, health experts have suggested boosting the body’s immunity. Immune system defense against bacteria, virus and other organisms may help minimize the effects and hasten the recovery from the disease. Covid-19 still has a troublingly high mortality rate. A person with a strong immune system and good body health should be able to recover from severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections without any complications because the immune system produced antibodies. Immunity will be “our savior” against the virus. The idea is that if you don’t have a potent weapon to combat the enemy, a strong and effective shield is the best bet to protect yourself. There are still millions of people in the world at risk due to old age, weak immune system and pre-existing medical issue. Turmeric plays a major role to boost the immune system and a potent immunomodulatory agent that can help the population to prevent the covid-19 infection. Based on these facts A Natural immunomodulatory agent CURCUMET CAPSULES has been Developed by R&D Centre, Lactonova Nutripharm (P) Ltd, HYDERABAD. The present paper Reviews the Role of CURCUMET CAPSULES, A Natural immunomodulatory agent helps to prevent covid-19 infection.

Research Article

Smart Garbage Monitoring System using Internet of Things

Prince Kelvin Owusu

 Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) can play a major role in keeping the city of Accra clean, greener, more efficient, and safer. This paper proposed a smart garbage collection on the grounds of level of garbage present in the dustbin. This study tries to present a garbage collection management solution based on providing intelligence to dustbin using IoT prototype with sensors. This system would help to maintain cleanness of the streets of Accra Ghana by sending signals through a sensor to a garbage collection unit alerting this unit of the collection of the garbage as and when the dustbins are full. The extreme programming (XP) method was used in building the system which uses ultrasonic sensors placed in the lids of the bins to detect the garbage level and compare it with the garbage bins depth. The system makes use of AVR family microcontroller, LEDs, a SIM800L GSM/GPRS Module and was powdered by a 12V transformer. It was found out that the use of this system assisted in identifying places or areas where garbage bins are full for collection and disposal. It was also found out that waste management companies that adapted the use of this system were achieving their goals of collecting bins at the right time as compare to companies that were not making use of such technology. It was concluded that waste management companies using the system perform better in terms of picking up bins that were full due to the signals received at any point in time which has made in Accra Ghana a community without garbage bins over flowing with rubbish.

Research Article

A Research on Importance of Biotechnology and Its Important Applications in Different Fields Likes Agriculture, Food, Industrial Areas and Medicines


 Abstract: This paper aimed at evaluating biotechnology concerning its application. Major areas of applications identified in the literature are environment, medicine, agriculture, food processing, and industry. Therefore, this review report tries to touch all the aspects of biotechnology in the field. Biotechnology has applied to food processing in most developing countries makes use of microbial inoculants to enhance properties such as the taste, aroma, shelf-life, consistency, and nutritional value of foods/dairy products. Biotechnological approaches are applied to enhance the nutritional, functional and sensory attributes of food in milk, meat, fish, and beverage processing industries. The targeted use of biotechnological methods can, amongst other things, help reduce the quantity and number of unhealthy ingredients in foods as well as remove allergenic substances.